The StatSA Poverty Trends report present trends in poverty and inequality between 2006 and 2011. It provides a profile of poverty at both a household and individual level. This report also examines the expenditure profile of poor and non-poor households with specific attention given to the differences in food expenditure between these two groups. Stats SA employed an internationally recognised approach – the cost-of-basic-needs approach – to produce three poverty lines, namely the food poverty line (FPL), the lower-bound poverty line (LBPL), and the upper-bound poverty line (UBPL). These lines capture different degrees of poverty and allow the country to measure and monitor poverty at different levels.
The report reveals that Limpopo and Eastern Cape have consistently been the two provinces with the highest levels of poverty between 2006 and 2015, while Mpumalanga has been the only province to witness a reduction in the incidence of household poverty across the four data points. ECSECC has issued a summary of the reports findings for the province.